Expert opinion

Interview with CPU Coin Director Sean Barger: The future of Web 3

As we venture further into the era of Web 3, the concepts of decentralization and cloud computing are gaining immense traction. CPU Coin, a pioneering project in this space, has revolutionized how we approach cloud computing through decentralized principles. 

We had the pleasure of sitting down with Sean Barger, the visionary founder of CPU Coin, to delve into the intricacies of Web 3, the importance of decentralization, and how CPU Coin is reshaping the landscape of cloud computing. In this exclusive interview, Sean also spoke about CPU Coin’s recent collaboration with Wire Network and what it means for the platforms going forward.

  1. How was the idea for CPU Coin born?

    1. In 2018, I started researching what was next for our dynamic content processing and workflow technologies at Equilibrium, another company I founded. I realized a massive new opportunity brewing in what is now known as “Web 3”. That is, a whole new world of content generation and management would be needed in a decentralized world. 

    2. After researching how slow content was being served for most systems, we realized there would be a massive need in Web 3 in the marketplace for decentralized content processing solutions first (initially designed as a Content Generation Network). Then after writing the CPUcoin whitepaper 1.0, it became clear that the idea was much bigger and could be applied to many edge network cases.

    3. After researching the massive amount of waste in computing happening today with cloud services, the opportunity to create a sharing economy of computing was born. Several factors have changed over the last 5 years that enable a decentralized sharing economy of computing power to be a new option and a win-win for consumers, businesses, and IaaS providers:

      1. Bandwidth to a LOT of homes worldwide has increased to a point where it’s as fast as many data centers. (up to 10GBPS speeds to homes are happening now)

      2. It’s not just download speed. This is key; it's upload speed as well. It enables people to play fast games but also provides the ability to respond to requests, such as e.g., generating content extremely fast. This is also relatively new and used to only be available through data centers.

      3. CPUs have become little supercomputers with multi-threaded multi-process capabilities and the ability to limit processing to specific Cores, such as our Proof of Productive Work Miners. This provides the ability to separate work without impacting the day-to-day use of one’s computer. Even though we have many miners who have set up custom machines just to mine, our target is to enable hundreds of millions of computers of all kinds to make money while creating a decentralized mesh network that can do all kinds of workloads.

      4. GPUs enable high-speed processing of video, vectors, images, and generative AI (such as txt to image or image to image from Stable Diffusion), among many other capabilities, including general computation using different virtualization techniques. This enables on-demand processing remotely of all kinds of requests that can then be delivered back to the requesting machine. 

This includes streaming of video, peer-to-peer applications like live streaming, or scaling generative AI examples, ALL without requiring the company or the end user to set up these solutions. Instead, they can use them, pay-as-they-go, and not have any long-term contracts (monthly), or substantial set-up time, among many other benefits.

  1. Intel’s SGX (Security Guard eXtensions) and AMD’s SEV (Secure Encrypted Virtualization) technologies have set the stage for securing work on remote machines, perfect for our decentralization efforts moving forward.

  1. Please tell us more about CPU Coin's unique Infrastructure-as-a-Service model.

    1. One of the advantages of blockchain is the ability to pay-as-you-go for virtually anything. This is because of the ability to put an immutable record of decentralized transactions on-chain and to decentralize database entries for handling micro transactions that can provide an on-demand audit trail proving productive work, payout accounting, and handling on-the-fly.

    2. Effectively, this provides the necessary components for billing per transaction, per minute of usage time, or a combination of these. In addition, CPUcoin can be paid out based on that accrual to all constituents into their wallets (without ETH in this case, hence one of the big benefits of the Wire.network partnership for CPUcoin and other partners in the ecosystem with CPUcoin/Wire).

  2. How does the shared economy of unused CPU/GPU power work in tangible terms?

    1. We highly recommend reading the whitepaper with a detailed explanation, including WHY we did this. In a nutshell: the CGN (Computing Global Network / Content Generation Network) nodes receive API calls and determine the right compute capable of achieving the required task. It passes a payload including variables, content, or other information to the assigned machine, processes the content, opens a session, or establishes a peer-to-peer connection, as the case may be, and then delivers on the requested media rendition, stream, or JSON response or whatever, all at blinding speeds. 

    2. We have several tiers designed on our network. 1A is for on-prem use. When you want to utilize corporate resources and ensure all your content stays in-house, you would use this. 1B is for external but highly secure SaaS 70-compliant data centers/ miners when we know who the miner is and that they are in a secure facility. 

Tier 2A is for any miner with qualifying hardware and performance characteristics with KYC/AML enablement as a VIP miner. It provides higher speeds and KYC knowledge, a security level above 2B.  This tier gives you computing performance and the assurance that we have basic information on record about the miner, such as their email address and location while offering a lower fee if the content processing is not considered a security risk. This could include public web assets being processed in the billions for search engines, or corporate websites. 

While we have an end-to-end security model regardless of any of these selected tiers, different tiers have different pricing structures (yet all are a fraction of any other cloud service). Then there’s Tier3, where we don’t know who’s doing the processing, and you want a lower cost but relatively high speed result. Finally, batch processing of vast quantities of content is done by Tier4 when time is not of the essence.

  1. Highlight the current real-world applications of CPU Coin.

    1. Tweekit.io has 3000+ API accounts using the CPUcoin miner network to solve ingestion or transformation of any file to solve the in-line ability to accept virtually any of over 400+ file types when uploading documents. This is from a SaaS company called Equilibrium that is doing B2C SaaS applications. 

    2. A new generative AI tool utilizing the network for text-to-image and image-to-image is slated to come out later in the year so that anyone can add one of the most popular capabilities to their products without setting up any GPU machines, paying for high-cost cloud services and dealing with setting up ad-hoc specific models on their own compute or on external cloud computers to meet their needs. They simply need to utilize the APIs which automatically service the needs of the CPUcoin CGN.

  2. Could you explain the concept of Compute Generation Network (CGN)?

    1. This has been completed above as part of the introduction. CGN does work for both Content Generation Network or Computing Global Network.

  3. Tell us more about your latest collaboration with Wire Network. What is your long-term vision for this partnership?

    1. We met the team at Wire.network last year in Puerto Rico at the CoinAgenda trade show. After a series of meetings and discussions about their capabilities, what they were rolling out, and our vision articulated in our whitepapers, it was clear that we had immediate synergies on many fronts.

    2. We are planning to roll out High Definition NFT minting services that include the missing middleware layer to enable persistent viewing from very large content sources so that long-form video and huge images, among other media, can be viewable from anywhere, now and in the future.

    3. The creation of a DAO to enable all of this fits perfectly with Wire.networks deployment strategy and capabilities.

  4. Is there any way Wire Network will benefit your project?

    1. Virtually all of wire.networks’ enterprise enablement will need decentralized compute. Again, this is why the synergies were so high.

    2. So many companies need what they have to make their blockchain project work. There’s a long list of capabilities that will need decentralized compute, including a building list of customers that need this immediately. Releases are coming!

  5. What is the roadmap for CPUCoin for the next five years?

    1. Web wallet integration, cross-chain capabilities, Generative AI compute launch, HD NFT enablement, decentralized general compute, and the launch of the CPUcoin DAO.

  6. Now that you are deep in the tech world, What are your user demographics? Any idea?

    1. Miners will be gamers who want to make money with their hardware and companies who need our technology so they can use the miners they have installed to offset computing costs.

    2. CPUcoin is B2B. Our customers sell solutions that make heavy use of CPUcoin. The list of targets wanting and needing our solutions is very long.

  7. Are there any upcoming partnerships or collaborations that CPUcoin users should look forward to?

    1. Hybrid cloud integrations will provide web3 capabilities to the non-decentralized cloud providers, so they need to find collaboration partners to enable web3 decentralized applications.

    2. Other than the big news with Wire.network, and the partnership with Equilibrium.com, we believe there’s a big need for all of this to have an audited carbon offset that can be sold and utilized in the marketplace to prove efficiencies and deliver even more value from creating an ecological cloud play such as CPUcoin’s Network.